Link Search Menu Expand Document

Open Distro for Elasticsearch development has moved to OpenSearch. The ODFE plugins will continue to work with legacy versions of Elasticsearch OSS, but we recommend upgrading to OpenSearch to take advantage of the latest features and improvements.

ISM API

Use the index state management operations to programmatically work with policies and managed indices.


Table of contents


Create policy

Creates a policy.

Request

PUT _opendistro/_ism/policies/policy_1
{
  "policy": {
    "description": "ingesting logs",
    "default_state": "ingest",
    "states": [
      {
        "name": "ingest",
        "actions": [
          {
            "rollover": {
              "min_doc_count": 5
            }
          }
        ],
        "transitions": [
          {
            "state_name": "search"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "name": "search",
        "actions": [],
        "transitions": [
          {
            "state_name": "delete",
            "conditions": {
              "min_index_age": "5m"
            }
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "name": "delete",
        "actions": [
          {
            "delete": {}
          }
        ],
        "transitions": []
      }
    ]
  }
}

Sample response

{
  "_id": "policy_1",
  "_version": 1,
  "_primary_term": 1,
  "_seq_no": 7,
  "policy": {
    "policy": {
      "policy_id": "policy_1",
      "description": "ingesting logs",
      "last_updated_time": 1577990761311,
      "schema_version": 1,
      "error_notification": null,
      "default_state": "ingest",
      "states": [
        {
          "name": "ingest",
          "actions": [
            {
              "rollover": {
                "min_doc_count": 5
              }
            }
          ],
          "transitions": [
            {
              "state_name": "search"
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "name": "search",
          "actions": [],
          "transitions": [
            {
              "state_name": "delete",
              "conditions": {
                "min_index_age": "5m"
              }
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "name": "delete",
          "actions": [
            {
              "delete": {}
            }
          ],
          "transitions": []
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

Add policy

Adds a policy to an index. This operation does not change the policy if the index already has one.

Request

POST _opendistro/_ism/add/index_1
{
  "policy_id": "policy_1"
}

Sample response

{
  "updated_indices": 1,
  "failures": false,
  "failed_indices": []
}

If you use a wildcard * while adding a policy to an index, the ISM plugin interprets * as all indices, including system indices like .opendistro-security, which stores users, roles, and tenants. A delete action in your policy might accidentally delete all user roles and tenants in your cluster. Don’t use the broad * wildcard, and instead add a prefix, such as my-logs*, when specifying indices with the _ism/add API.


Update policy

Updates a policy. Use the seq_no and primary_term parameters to update an existing policy. If these numbers don’t match the existing policy or the policy doesn’t exist, ISM throws an error.

Request

PUT _opendistro/_ism/policies/policy_1?if_seq_no=7&if_primary_term=1
{
  "policy": {
    "description": "ingesting logs",
    "default_state": "ingest",
    "states": [
      {
        "name": "ingest",
        "actions": [
          {
            "rollover": {
              "min_doc_count": 5
            }
          }
        ],
        "transitions": [
          {
            "state_name": "search"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "name": "search",
        "actions": [],
        "transitions": [
          {
            "state_name": "delete",
            "conditions": {
              "min_index_age": "5m"
            }
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "name": "delete",
        "actions": [
          {
            "delete": {}
          }
        ],
        "transitions": []
      }
    ]
  }
}

Sample response

{
  "_id": "policy_1",
  "_version": 2,
  "_primary_term": 1,
  "_seq_no": 10,
  "policy": {
    "policy": {
      "policy_id": "policy_1",
      "description": "ingesting logs",
      "last_updated_time": 1577990934044,
      "schema_version": 1,
      "error_notification": null,
      "default_state": "ingest",
      "states": [
        {
          "name": "ingest",
          "actions": [
            {
              "rollover": {
                "min_doc_count": 5
              }
            }
          ],
          "transitions": [
            {
              "state_name": "search"
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "name": "search",
          "actions": [],
          "transitions": [
            {
              "state_name": "delete",
              "conditions": {
                "min_index_age": "5m"
              }
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "name": "delete",
          "actions": [
            {
              "delete": {}
            }
          ],
          "transitions": []
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

Get policy

Gets the policy by policy_id.

Request

GET _opendistro/_ism/policies/policy_1

Sample response

{
  "_id": "policy_1",
  "_version": 2,
  "_seq_no": 10,
  "_primary_term": 1,
  "policy": {
    "policy_id": "policy_1",
    "description": "ingesting logs",
    "last_updated_time": 1577990934044,
    "schema_version": 1,
    "error_notification": null,
    "default_state": "ingest",
    "states": [
      {
        "name": "ingest",
        "actions": [
          {
            "rollover": {
              "min_doc_count": 5
            }
          }
        ],
        "transitions": [
          {
            "state_name": "search"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "name": "search",
        "actions": [],
        "transitions": [
          {
            "state_name": "delete",
            "conditions": {
              "min_index_age": "5m"
            }
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "name": "delete",
        "actions": [
          {
            "delete": {}
          }
        ],
        "transitions": []
      }
    ]
  }
}

Remove policy from index

Removes any ISM policy from the index.

Request

POST _opendistro/_ism/remove/index_1

Sample response

{
  "updated_indices": 1,
  "failures": false,
  "failed_indices": []
}

Update managed index policy

Updates the managed index policy to a new policy (or to a new version of the policy). You can use an index pattern to update multiple indices at once. When updating multiple indices, you might want to include a state filter to only affect certain managed indices. The change policy filters out all the existing managed indices and only applies the change to the ones in the state that you specify. You can also explicitly specify the state that the managed index transitions to after the change policy takes effect.

A policy change is an asynchronous background process. The changes are queued and are not executed immediately by the background process. This delay in execution protects the currently running managed indices from being put into a broken state. If the policy you are changing to has only some small configuration changes, then the change takes place immediately. For example, if the policy changes the min_index_age parameter in a rollover condition from 1000d to 100d, this change takes place immediately in its next execution. If the change modifies the state, actions, or the order of actions of the current state the index is in, then the change happens at the end of its current state before transitioning to a new state.

In this example, the policy applied on the index_1 index is changed to policy_1, which could either be a completely new policy or an updated version of its existing policy. The process only applies the change if the index is currently in the searches state. After this change in policy takes place, index_1 transitions to the delete state.

Request

POST _opendistro/_ism/change_policy/index_1
{
  "policy_id": "policy_1",
  "state": "delete",
  "include": [
    {
      "state": "searches"
    }
  ]
}

Sample response

{
  "updated_indices": 0,
  "failures": false,
  "failed_indices": []
}

Retry failed index

Retries the failed action for an index. For the retry call to succeed, ISM must manage the index, and the index must be in a failed state. You can use index patterns (*) to retry multiple failed indices.

Request

POST _opendistro/_ism/retry/index_1
{
  "state": "delete"
}

Sample response

{
  "updated_indices": 0,
  "failures": false,
  "failed_indices": []
}

Explain index

Gets the current state of the index. You can use index patterns to get the status of multiple indices.

Request

GET _opendistro/_ism/explain/index_1

Sample response

{
  "index_1": {
    "index.opendistro.index_state_management.policy_id": "policy_1"
  }
}

The opendistro.index_state_management.policy_id setting is deprecated starting from version 1.13.0. We retain this field in the response API for consistency.


Delete policy

Deletes the policy by policy_id.

Request

DELETE _opendistro/_ism/policies/policy_1

Sample response

{
  "_index": ".opendistro-ism-config",
  "_type": "_doc",
  "_id": "policy_1",
  "_version": 3,
  "result": "deleted",
  "forced_refresh": true,
  "_shards": {
    "total": 2,
    "successful": 2,
    "failed": 0
  },
  "_seq_no": 15,
  "_primary_term": 1
}